Effects of withdrawal: When the feeling of well being and energy wears off, the meth user may experience entirely opposite effects, because the drug suppresses the normal production of adrenaline in the body. Irritability and fatigue may result. This often leads to the desire to use more in order to remain high.
Adverse reactions: Many of the effects of meth use can be negative, such as sleeplessness, anger and paranoia. More dramatic reactions include convulsions and agitation. An overdose can result in a potentially fatal cardiac arrest or stroke. There is also a possibility of lead poisoning. Meth abuse during pregnancy can result in congenital deformities and premature delivery.
Effects of prolonged usage: The pleasure/tension cycle is self-perpetuating. Long-term meth use is devastating. The user is unable to function in daily life and experiences exhaustion when the drug wears off. Dental decay is a well-known result of prolonged use. Long term use and higher doses needed to get high increase the risk of toxicity, overdose and death. Death by overdose rose 125 % between 1998 and 2002. Meth may permanently cause brain damage after prolonged use.
Usage by youth: The heartbreak of meth’s high incidence of use by teens and young people is exacerbated by the desire by young women to be thin. Meth use crosses every income and social background, and is common at “rave” clubs.
The Internet is rife with sites that provide meth recipes and information on where to obtain ingredients. More than .3 % of 12 to 17-year olds and 18 to 25-year olds currently use meth. Among students, methamphetamine use was reported in 2000 to be 1.3 % of eighth grade students, 1.5 % of tenth grade students and 1.5 % of high school seniors. Higher percentages have actually used methamphetamine at some time, including almost 12 % of high school seniors. At least 4% of the U.S. population reports using the drug.
Recent Developments: Hospital emergency and treatment admissions for meth use increased throughout the 90s. In the past few years, the use of meth among teens has increased significantly for youth aged 12 to 17. Over the past few years, meth produced in Mexico has also increased.
Methamphetamine is the name of the drug commonly known on the street as Meth, Crystal Meth, Crystal, Ice, Crank, Speed, Glass, & Chalk. Methamphetamine comes in many forms and can be smoked, snorted, orally ingested, or injected.
Meth is odorless, making it difficult to detect. In the 1980's, "ice," a smokable form of methamphetamine, came into use.